National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan 2015 - 2020


To create a society that sees itself as an integral part of nature recognizes different life forms, sustainably uses natural resources and maintains for posterity a nurturing and dynamic world rich in biodiversity.


The Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan consists of the following Strategic Goals and Target;

  • Strategic Goal A: Address the underlying causes of biodiversity loss by mainstreaming biodiversity across Government and society
  • Strategic Goal B: Reduce the direct pressures on biodiversity and promote sustainable use
  • Strategic Goal C: To improve the status of biodiversity by safeguarding ecosystems, species and genetic diversity
  • Strategic Goal D: Enhance the benefits to all from biodiversity and ecosystem services
  • Strategic Goal E: Enhance implementation through participatory planning, knowledge management and capacity building.

  • Target 1: By 2020, at the latest, 50% of The Gambia’s populations are aware of the values of biodiversity and the steps they can take to conserve and use it sustainably;
  • Target 2: By 2020, biodiversity values are integrated 100% into national and local development and poverty reduction planning processes and national accounts;
  • Target 3: By 2020, all forms of pollution from water and land-based activities are brought to levels;
    that are non-detrimental to ecosystem functions;
  • Target 4: By 2020, 50 % Governments, business and stakeholders have plans for sustainable production and consumption and keep the impacts of resource use within safe ecological limits;
  • Target 5 By 2020, the rate of biodiversity loss, including forest fragmentation and land degradation is considerably reduced by 50%;
  • Target 6: By 2020, 60% of areas that are suitable for spawning and nursery grounds are protected, while the use of wrong fishing gears reduced by 40%;
  • Target 7: By 2020, 50% of areas under agriculture, aquaculture and forestry are managed sustainably, ensuring conservation of biodiversity;
  • Target 8: By 2020, 50% of pollution, including waste and agro and industrial chemical has been brought to levels that are not detrimental to ecosystem function;
  • Target 9: By 2020, reduced occurrence and prevent introduction of invasive species by 50%;
  • Target 10: By 2020, Maintain integrity and functioning of vulnerable ecosystems impacted by climate change minimized at least 20%;
  • Target 11: By 2020, at least 5% of terrestrial and inland water, and 10% of coastal and marine areas are conserved through systems of protected areas;
  • Target 12: By 2020, 35% of known threatened and rare species have been prevented from extinction and 50% extinct species reintroduced or restocked;
  • Target 13: By 2020, 35% of the genetic diversity of cultivated plants, farmed and domesticated animals and of wild relatives is maintained;
  • Target 14: By 2020, poverty would be reduced by 10% of protected area dependent communities to reduce pressure on natural resources significantly;
  • Target 15: By 2020, ecosystem resilience and the contribution of biodiversity to carbon stocks has been enhanced, through conservation and restoration, including restoration of at least 50 per cent of degraded ecosystems;
  • Target 16: By 2020, the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefits Sharing is in force and operational;
  • Target 17: By 2016 The Gambia would have adopted as a policy instrument, and has commenced implementing an effective, participatory and updated NBSAP;
  • Target 18: By 2020, the traditional knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities and their customary use, are respected;
  • Target 19: By 2020, knowledge, the science base and technologies relating to biodiversity, its values, functioning, status and trends, and the understanding of consequences of its loss, are improved, widely shared and transferred, and applied; and
  • Target 20: By 2020, the mobilization of financial resources for effectively implementing the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 from all sources, should increase substantially by 35%.